The purchase of athletic shoes can be an extremely difficult task, particularly with the endless selection of shoes that are available at shops. But, there’s a science behind athletic shoes, and you can choose the right pair for you . You can also reduce the risk of injuries to your feet with a bit of basic understanding.

Before purchasing the right athletic shoes you should know what kind of foot you’re wearing. Of obviously, there are slight variations in the feet of everyone but, generally speaking, there are three major kinds of foot and athletic shoes are designed specifically for these three different types of feet.scarpe Pollini in saldo

Types of Foot:

1. Neutral foot The neutral foot is one with an arch that is medium that allows the force and pressure of running to be distributed evenly throughout the foot. A neutral foot also is able to accommodate pronation. This is a move that happens during weight bearing , where the lower part of the arch is moved towards the floor. Thus, the arch becomes lower and the foot becomes more flexible when it is in the pronated position. Since a neutral-foot has the right degree of pronation the foot can be flexed enough to take the impact of running or walking and to adjust to the changing the terrain. Additionally, a neutral foot is able to accommodate supination. Supination is the movement of the foot, where your foot’s arch moves away from the floor, making a more arch-like and a more solid foot. With a sufficient amount of supination, a normal foot is strong enough to lift off the ground and not cause injuries. The best shoes for a neutral-foot type include stability footwear.

2. Flexible or Over Pronated foot: This type of foot has a lower or flat arch which causes pressure to both the inner foot and on the big toe while running or walking. This is usually reflected in an increase in skin thickness around the big toe and the ball on the bottom of your foot. Furthermore, this type feet is more flexible than normal foot. In the position of pronation, the foot isn’t stiff enough to allow it to lift off the ground. Since an overpronated foot is a foot that is more flexible motion-control running shoes are suggested for this kind of foot.

3. Over Supinated/Rigid feet The over supinated foot has a high arch, which can increase pressure in the heel, on the outside of the foot , and the toes. As opposed with an over-pronated feet the over supinated one is stiff and not in a position to take on the pressures that are imposed on the foot as other types of foot. A rigid or over supinated type of foot benefits more from the cushioned running shoe.

Types of Shoes:

1. Shoes for motion control: This kind of shoe is suitable for people who have excessive pronation or flat arches. The part of the shoe which is able to support the heel is called the heel counter. The heel counter of motion control shoes is made of rigid material to avoid excessive pronation which is common with a flexible foot. The design and outline at the bottom of the motion control shoes is straight and wide at on the outside of your foot. This design is intended to increase stability, similar to having an extended wheelbase on the back of a car.

To test a motion control shoe hold the heel counter in your hands and then press your heel counter. The heel counter shouldn’t be able to deform when you compress your hands.

Another method to test the motion of a person is to grasp one of the sides of the shoe using one hand, and then the back of the shoe using the second hand , then turn the shoe. The shoe should not change shape by twisting. One final way to find out the amount of motion within shoes is by bending the back and front of the shoe like the pages of a book. The angle of the shoe should be located at the point of the foot, where the foot is lifted off the ground when doing activities and shouldn’t be to the center of the shoe.

2. Shoes with cushioning: This kind of shoe is ideal for those suffering from excess supination or a high arched foot. The cushioned shoe reduces the pressure on feet by absorbing the forces that are transmitted through the ground during running. The shape and outline on the sole of cushion shoes usually be curved towards on the side of your foot, with more padding on the front and the middle in the sole. In addition, cushion shoes typically form an hourglass when viewing the sole, where the middle portion on the sole tends to be more narrow than the back or front. In comparison the motion control shoe, it’s simpler to twist a cushion. Furthermore, when bending the back and front of a cushion shoes like a book bend is also located at the heel of the foot However, the amount of bend is more substantial and is easier to achieve than motion control shoes.

3. The Stability shoe: This kind of shoe is best for people with a neutral or neutral-type foot. The shoe is comprised that are the motion control shoe as well as cushion shoe. The shape and outline on the sole of a stability shoe is semi-curved towards on the outside of your foot. The shoe is designed to provide cushioning to help absorb forces generated by activities, and also, like the motion control shoe, comes with a strong heel counter however it’s not as strong as a motion control shoes.

General Shoe Fitting Guidelines:

1. Take a measurement of the length of your feet while standing.

2. Consider wearing footwear later as feet are swelling more

3. Try on shoes that are half a size larger so you can compare the fit

4. Make sure you leave one finger’s width from the point of the toe with the largest length until the top of the shoe.

5. Put the shoe on inside at least 10 mins or longer to ensure it’s comfortable

6. They shouldn’t need an adjustment period. They must be comfortable to wear when you wear them.

7. Be sure that nothing is nipping you in the shoe.

8. Don’t wear shoes for the first time an event.

Replacing Shoes:

Shoes need to be replaced every 300-500 miles running or walking, or every 45-60 hours of an athletic exercise. If you notice creasing in the lining of the shoe, a new pair of athletic shoes are required. Another way to determine if it is time to replace your shoes is checking if your shoe has unevenness when placed on the floor.